Baisakhi Festival is being celebrated with great joy and happiness in the states of Punjab and Haryana. Farmers celebrate this day when Rabi crop is ready for harvesting and offers prayers for an abundant harvest in the coming year. This festival is also famous among the Hindu community as Solar New Year even starts on this day.
This vibrant festival also marks the commencement of the Sikh New Year. It is usually celebrated on April 13 or April 14 every year.
Baisakhi Celebrations by Sikhs
When Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of Sikh, was beheaded publicly by then Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was forcibly converting people of a different religion to Islam by embarking a policy of religious harassment. He started unethical religious taxes against Hindus and their sacred place. He had thought if Hindu Brahmins, particularly from Kashmir, will accept Isalm, the others will follow.
On Baisakhi day, March 30, 1699, at Anandpur Sahib, the tenth guru of the Sikh, Guru Gobind Singh founded Khalsa Pant and called on Sikhs to sacrifice themselves for their community.
The celebration starts with going to Gurudwaras early morning offer prayers and get the blessing. Golden Temple at Anandpur Sahib Gurudwara, people celebrate this with immense joy and happiness with special prayers.
Gurudwaras are decorated, traditional songs, kirtans from Guru Granth Sahib, are recited in various Gurudwaras. Guru Granth Sahib is taken out in a procession called Nagar Kirtan, led by the Panj Piaras (five holy men). People distribute ‘Kada Prasad’ among themselves. People eat Langar together.
The ritual of Kar Sewa is also performed. Kar sewa is the process of offering physical labour to assist in the everyday jobs of the Gurudwara. It is a traditional symbol of modesty for the Sikh community.
Bhangra and Gidda dance apart from mock duels are performed during Baisakhi processions. The accompaniment of drummers, bands playing religious times, devotees singing sacred songs and men swinging swords are the other part of this fascinating festival.
People wear new, brightly coloured clothes for this auspicious occasion. Worships are made on the bank of rivers and streams. It is considered as famous Sikh Festival marking the foundation of Khals Panth
Baisakhi Celebrations by Farmers
Baisakhi, also known as Vaishakhi, Vasakhi or Vaisakhi, is a spring harvest festival of Punjab, which is celebrated on the thirteenth day of April according to the solar calendar. This day marks the beginning of the Hindu solar new year.
The name ‘Baisakhi’ originates from ‘Baisakh’ the first month as per the Bikram Sambat Hindu calendar. The festival is celebrated in different parts of India with great zeal and enthusiasm by Hindus and Sikhs alike.
There are fairs and Melas at various places all over the state. People enjoy themselves by performing the famous folk dance of the state Punjab-Bhangra. Women take part in a lot of dances as well known as Gidda. These dances are shown on the beat of traditional music, this makes people more energetic and excitement and keep the folk culture of Punjab alive in the hearts of the people of Punjab
Baisakhi is celebrated in various regions of India by different names and different rituals.
Baisakhi has different regional names
In Assam, it is known as Rongali Bihu,
In West Bengal, it is known as Pohela Boishakh,
In Kerala, it is known as Vishu,
In Tamilnadu, it is known as Puthandu.