Bhangra and Gidda are the most popular form of dance of Punjab for Baisakhi occasion. One can’t imagine Baisakhi without Bhangra and Gidda; the folks dance for men and women, respectively. Baisakhi, the harvest festival of Punjab, is being celebrated by men and women dressing in traditional attire and get together in open fields and dance to the fast-paced beat of the dhol.

Bhangra Dance

Bhangra is a combination of music and dance, which originates from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. The Bhangra dance was primarily associated with the coming of spring harvest festival Baisakhi, and Bhangra is from one of the significant products of the harvest—bhang (hemp)—that bhangra drew its name. Bhangra dance has come a long way from its humble beginnings in India, but now it is recognized and enjoyed the world over. Bhangra dance in Punjabi culture has adapted and changed with the times, but at its core remains a sense of cultural identity and tradition.

Several dancers perform bhangra executed vigorous kicks, leaps, and bends of the body to the accompaniment of short songs called Boliyan and, most significantly, to the beat of a dhol. Struck with a heavy beater on one end and with a lighter stick on the other, the dhol imbued the music with a syncopated (accents on the weak beats), swinging rhythmic character that has generally remained the hallmark of any music that has come to bear the bhangra name.

Bhangra of Punjab has gained popularity over the last few years not only in India but also overseas majorly in the U.K.

Gidda Dance

Gidda is a trendy fork dance for people in Punjab specifically for women. Gidda is a very vigorous folk dance, and like other such dances, it is very much an affair of the legs. Gidda is a bright, colorful, and energetic dance that is usually performed to rhythmic clapping and Boliyan. The movement is rapid of the feet in its faster parts that it is difficult for the audience even to wink till the tempo falls again.

The traditional dress for Gidda is Salwar Kameez, which is quite elegant for the women, which adds more charm and is also comfortable enough to perform Gidda Dance efficiently. The costume for Gidda makes use of brighter colors and is complemented with heavy jewelry.


While doing Gidda, women performed various characters in the dance form and do mimicry of the particular style. Some girls play the aged bridegroom, and other girl plays her role as a young bride for fun. One of the women participants generally sings the bolis, and when the last line is reached, suddenly, the tempo of the song rises, and all start dancing. In this manner, bolis are coordinated with the dance sequences.