SIGNIFICANCE OF BAISAKHI
Baisakhi is celebrated with great vitality and enthusiasm in the state of Punjab and other states of India. Festival of Baisakhi or Vaisakhi is celebrated as the foundation of the Khalsa Panth was laid on that day. Harvest Festival is being celebrated on this day and this day is starting of Solar New Year which is Sikh New Year
Baisakhi has different names in different regions:
Significance of Baisakhi for Farmers
Baisakhi, also known as Vaishakhi, Vasakhi or Vaisakhi is a spring harvest festival which is celebrated on the thirteenth day of April according to the solar calendar. Farmers celebrate this day when Rabi crop is ready for harvesting the good crops and offer prayers for abundant harvest in coming year.
This vibrant festival also marks the commencement of the Sikh New Year. It is usually celebrated on April 13 or April 14 every year. On this day Hindus and Sikhs go to temples and gurudwaras offering prayers for the prosperous new year ahead. Later people enjoy themselves by performing the famous folk dance of the state Punjab-Bhangra. Women take part in a lot of dances as well known as Gidda.
These dance are performed on the beat of traditional music, this makes people more energetic and excited. There are fairs and melas at various places all over the state.
Significance of Baisakhi for Sikhs
When Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of Sikh, was beheaded publicly by then Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was forcibly converting people of a different religion to Islam by embarking a policy of religious harassment on refusing to convert his religion. He started unethical religious taxes against Hindus and their sacred place. He had thought if Hindu Brahmins, particularly from Kashmir, will convert to Islam, the others will follow.
On Baisakhi Day, March 30, in the year 1699, the foundation of Khalsa Pant was made by Sikh Guru Gobind Singh. Guru asked Sikhs to sacrifice themselves for their community.
It is considered as important festival for Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh bestowed the Panj Piyaras in a new and unique ceremony called Pahul. On this particular day Guru Gobind Singh ji also gave amrit (Nectar) to his first five followers called the Panj Piyaras that made them Singhs, a soldierly group of people. After the Baisakhi Day in 1699 the tradition of gurus was discontinued, and the Granth Sahib - the Holy book of the Sikhs was declared the eternal guide of the Sikhs. It is believed that on the day of Baisakhi, Muslim rulers martyrized Guru Arjun Dev and the Guru was thrown alive into the boiling oil.
Significance of Baisakhi for various other religions
On this day Gutam Buddha attained Nirvana in the town of Gaya under the Mahabodhi tree. Hence this day of Vaisakhi is celebrated as Buddha Purnima in the various parts of country
Swami Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 established Arya Samaj on the day of Vaisakhi or Baisakhi. This day is thereby special for Hindus, as Arya Samaj portrays a fraction of Hindus who have discarded worshiping idols and are dedicated to the Vedas for religious assistance.
In 1567 on the festival of Baisakhi Guru Ram Das committed Vaisakhi to be one of the special days when all the Sikhs would assemble to get blessings from Guru at Goindwal.